cardiovascular drugs classification: Mnemonics:

Cardiovascular system is very complicated and most important system in human body. The cardiovascular system diseases like hypertension, angina, arrhythemia and congestive cardiac failure. The treatment of theses diseases need much more care. To threat theses diseases you must memorized the drugs used in these diseases. We upload a very easy cardiovascular drugs classification that is very easy for memorization. You can also download the pdf file by click the download button.

cardiovascular drugs classification

 

Antihypertension Drugs Classification:

Angiotension converting enzymes ACE inhibitors: captopril, enalapril, lisinopril, perindopril, ramipril, benazepril, fosinopril.

Angiotension II receptor blockers: Losartan, candisartan, irbesartan, valsartan, telmisartan, olmesartan.

Direct renin inhibitors: Aliskiren.

Calcium chennel blockers: Diltiazem, verapamil, nifedipine, amlodipine, nicardipine, isradipine, felodipine, nitrendipine.

Diuretics:

Thiazides and related agents: hydrochlorothiazide, chlorthalidone, indapamide.

loop diuretics: Furosemide, bumetanide, torsemide.

Potassium sparing diuretics: Amiloride, triameterene, spironolactone, eplerenone.

Sympatholytic agents:

Centrally acting sympatholytics: Clonidine, alpha methyldopa.

Beta adrenergic blockers: Atenolol, metoprolol, esmolol, betaxolol, carteolol.

Beta blocker with addition alpha blocking activity: labetalol. carvedilol.

Alpha adrenergic blocker:

selective blocker; prazosin, terazosin, doxazosin.

Non selective blocker: phenoxybenzamine, phentolamine.

Ganglion blocker: Trimethaphan.

Neurone blocker: reserpine.

Vasodilators:

Arteriolar dilator: Hydralazine, minoxidil, diazoxide, fenoldopam.

primary venodilator: Nitroglycerine.

Arteriolar and venodilator: Sodium nitroprusside:

Antianginal Drugs Classification:

Nitrates: Nitroglycerine, Isosorbide dinitrate, Isosoride mononitrate, erythrityl tetranitrate, pentaerythritol tetranitrate.

Beta blockers: Propranolol, metoprolo, atenolol, timolol, bisoprolol.

Calcium chennel blocker: Diltiazem, verapamil, nifedipine, alodipine, nitrendipine.

Potassium channel opner: Nicorandil.

Others: Antiplatelets agents, Statins, Trimetazidine, Ranolazine, Ivabradine.

Congestive cardiac failure drugs Classification:

Diuretics:

loop diuretics: Furodemide, bumetide, torsemide.

Thiazide diuretics: Chlorothiazide, Hydrochlorothiazide. metolazine.

Aldosterone antagonist: Spironolactone, eplerenone.

Vasodilators:

Arteriolar and venodilators:

ACEIS: Enalapril, Lisinopril, ramipril, fosinopril.

Angiotension receptor blocker: losartan, Candesartan.

Direct renin inhibitors: Aliskiren.

Sodium Nitroprusside.

Venodilators: Nitroglycerine, issorbide dinitrates.

Arteriolar Dilators: Hydralazine, minoxidil, Nicorandil.

Beta Blockers: metprolol, bisoprolol, carvedilol, nrbivolol.

Sympathomimetic Amines: Dopamine, Dobutamine.

Cardiac glycosides. Digoxin.

Phosphodiesterase inhibitors: Inamrinon, milrinone.

Vasopressin Antagonists: tolvaptan, conivaptan.

Brain natriuretics peptide: Nesiritide.

Antiarrhythemic drugs Classification:

Class 1: sodium ions channels blockers ( membrane stabilising agents ).

1A: drugs that moderately depress phase 0 depolarization: Quinidine, Procainamide, Disopyramide.

1B: drugs that have minimal effect on phase 0 depolarization: Lignocaine, Mexiletine.

1C: Drugs that markely depress phase 0 depolarization: Flecainide, Propafenone.

Class II ( beta blockers ): Propranolol, atenolol, Esmolol, Metoprolol, Sotalol.

Class III ( Drugs that prolong duration of action potential ): Amiodarone. Dronrdarone, Sotalol, Dofetilide, Ibutilide, Bretylium.

Class IV ( calcium Chennel Blockers) : Verapamil, Diltiazem.

Others: Digoxin, Adenosine, Atropine, Isoprenaline.

Classsification of Hypolipidaemic drugs:

HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors: Atorvastatine, Pravastatine. Pitavastatin, Lovastatine, Simvastin, Rosuvastatine.

Fibric acid derivatives: Gemfibrozil, fenofibrate, Bezafibrate, Clofibrate.

Bile acid binding resins: cholestyramine, Cloestipol, Colesevelam.

Inhibitor of triglyceride production and lipolysis: Nicotinic acid.

Dietary cholesterol absorption inhibitor: Ezetimibe.

Others: Gugulipide, Omega-3 fatty acids.

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